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XBPS-INSTALL(1) General Commands Manual XBPS-INSTALL(1)

xbps-installXBPS utility to (re)install and update packages

xbps-install [OPTIONS] [PKG...]

The xbps-install utility installs, reinstalls, downgrades and updates packages in the target root directory. The argument PKG is a package expression, which is explained in the PACKAGE EXPRESSION section.

If package is installed, it will be updated to the version available in repositories matching the PACKAGE EXPRESSION. Otherwise it will be installed, or reinstalled/downgraded if -f, --force option is set.

A package expression is a form to match a pattern; currently xbps supports 3 ways to specify them:

  • by package name, i.e: “”.
  • by exact package name and version, i.e: “”.
  • by specifying a package name and version separated by any of the following version comparators:

    • less than
    • greater than
    • less or equal than
    • greater or equal than

      Example: “”.

The first repository matching the package expression wins.

Enables automatic installation mode, i.e. package will be treated as orphan if no package is depending on it directly. See --mode in xbps-pkgdb(1).
--config dir
Specifies a path to the XBPS configuration directory. If the first character is not '/' then it's a relative path of rootdir.
--cachedir dir
Specifies a path to the cache directory, where binary packages are stored. If the first character is not '/' then it's a relative path of rootdir.
Enables extra debugging shown to stderr.
Only download packages to the cache, do not do any other installation steps. This may be useful for doing system upgrades while offline, or automatically downloading updates while leaving you with the option of still manually running the update.
Force downgrade installation (if package version in repos is less than installed version), or reinstallation (if package version in repos is the same) to the target PKG, overwriting regular package files and symlinks (if they have been modified) but . If -f is specified twice all files will be unpacked, even .
Show the help message.
Ignore detected file conflicts in a transaction.
Ignore repositories defined in configuration files. Only repositories specified in the command line via --repository will be used.
For remote repositories, the data is fetched and stored in memory for the current operation. This ignores the existing on-disk repository archives in rootdir.
Dry-run mode. Show what actions would be done but don't do anything. The current output prints 6 arguments: "<pkgver> <action> <arch> <repository> <installedsize> <downloadsize>".
--repository url
Appends the specified repository to the top of the list. The url argument expects a URL to the repository for remote repositories or a path for local repositories. Note that remote repositories must be signed using xbps-rindex(1). This option can be specified multiple times.
Enables reproducible mode in pkgdb. The install-date and repository package objects are not stored in pkgdb.
--rootdir dir
Specifies a full path for the target root directory.
Synchronize remote repository index files.
If set, packages to be installed or upgraded in the transaction won't be configured, just unpacked. That means that those packages should be reconfigured via xbps-reconfigure(1).
Performs a full system upgrade: all installed packages (except those on hold, see --mode hold in xbps-pkgdb(1)) will be updated to the greatest versions that were found in repositories.
Enables verbose messages.
Assume yes to all questions and avoid interactive questions.
Show the version information.

Only use IPv4.
Only use IPv6.
If set to anything else than no passive mode will be set for the ftp connection.
User name to be set for ftp authentication.
Password to be set for ftp authentication.
Proxy URL that will be used to establish a ftp connection.
Proxy URL that will be used to establish a http connection.
Sets the credentials to authenticate a user agent to a proxy server, in the form user:pass.
Sets the credentials to authenticate to a http server, in the form user:pass.
Overrides the default Referer http header.
Override the default User-Agent http header.
Specifies a set of domains for which the proxy should not be consulted. The contents is a comma-, or space-separated list of domain names. A single asterisk will override all proxy variables and no transactions will be proxied.
Proxy URL that will be used to establish a socks connection.
Disables SSL/TLS hostname verification.
Disables SSL/TLS peer verification.
Overrides the default CA certificates file, by default set to /etc/ssl/certs/ca-certificates.crt.
Overrides the default CA certificates path, by default set to /etc/ssl/certs.
Sets the SSL/TLS client verification certificate file.
Sets the SSL/TLS client verification key file.
Sets connection timeout in milliseconds instead of default value of 5 minutes. When -1, waits indefinitely.
Overrides uname(2) machine result with this value. Useful to install packages with a fake architecture.
Sets the target architecture to this value. This variable differs from XBPS_ARCH in that it allows you to install packages partially, because configuration phase is skipped (the target binaries might not be compatible with the native architecture).

Default configuration directory.
Default system configuration directory.
Package files metadata.
Default package database (0.38 format). Keeps track of installed packages and properties.
Default cache directory to store downloaded binary packages.

xbps-checkvers(1), xbps-create(1), xbps-dgraph(1), xbps-digest(1), xbps-fbulk(1), xbps-fetch(1), xbps-pkgdb(1), xbps-query(1), xbps-reconfigure(1), xbps-remove(1), xbps-rindex(1), xbps-uchroot(1), xbps-uunshare(1), xbps.d(5)

Juan Romero Pardines <>

Probably, but I try to make this not happen. Use it under your own responsibility and enjoy your life.

Report bugs at

March 3, 2020